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Yarmouth

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Yarmouth ist eine kleine Hafenstadt an der Westspitze von Nova Scotia ( Neuschottland). Der Ort ist traditionell französischsprachig. Aufgrund der vielen. Yarmouth Definition: → Great Yarmouth | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele. Auf TripAdvisor finden Sie alles für Yarmouth, Southwest Nova Scotia: unabhängige Bewertungen von Hotels, Restaurants und Sehenswürdigkeiten.

Lower Falls; Number Four: Princes Point; Number Six: Greely Road; Number Seven: Sweetser; and Number Nine: By , however, efforts were made to abolish this setup due its being seen as "unfair" in terms of fund distribution.

Once lumber was cut and sent to market, the land was farmed. Tanneries were built near brooks; potteries and brickyards put to use the natural clay in the area; and mills flourished along the Royal River, providing services such as iron-forging and fulling cloth.

Maritime activities were important from the beginning of the third settlement. Four major shipyards built vessels during this period. On the western side of the river, Henry Hutchins b.

Walker lived in the brick building at 51 Pleasant Street. It was here that the final large sailing vessel was built, in Yarmouth Boatyard formerly Union Wharf; established in ; located almost beneath the northbound lanes of Interstate and Yankee Marina established in ; whose entrance is near the crest of the Route 88 hill.

Several people pertinent to the shipbuilding industry lived on Pleasant Street, including Captain William Gooding b. In , a fire started in the dry grass south of Grand Trunk Station by a spark from a passing train.

Fanned by a strong wind, it spread rapidly into the woods and up over the ledge. Two hundred acres were burned, and the fire was only stopped because it reached the waters of Broad Cove.

Three of the former districts were discontinued because they were small and had dilapidated buildings. Electricity came to Yarmouth in Another, more menacing fire occurred in April when the corn-canning factory of Asa York b.

A strong southerly breeze carried the sparks directly across the most thickly-settled part of town, causing small fires in various places so that over twenty buildings were burning concurrently.

In , the Spanish flu hit town in two waves, resulting in cases and 14 deaths. In , Yarmouth celebrated its centenary with a parade.

Rapid growth was experienced again around when Route 1 was put through the town. Two years later, there were 2, inhabitants of the town.

As of the early 20th century, Yarmouth is mostly residential in character, with commercial development scattered throughout the town, particularly along Route 1 and Main Street State Route In , the Lower Falls near the harbor was crowded with the homes of sea captains, merchants and shipbuilders.

In , the post office established a route around town for the rural free delivery of mail. Hired was Joshua Adams Drinkwater b.

Early in the morning he would leave Princes Point, pick up the mail at Lower Falls, and then deliver letters to the northern edge of town, including Sligo and Mountfort Roads.

Each day, as he passed his farm on Princes Point Road, he would change horses and eat lunch with his wife, Harriet b. A lithograph from , depicting the area of Main Street serviced by York Street, shows the home of George Woods and, next door, the Yarmouth Institute, which he established as direct competition with North Yarmouth Academy.

Although it attracted students from as far afield as Cuba , his institute lacked an endowment and closed after five years. Woods sold the building to Paul Blanchard in It was torn down in Halfway along this northern section of Portland Street, at number , is a three-story Federal-style building that was once a tavern, built, around , by Colonel Seth Mitchell b.

Early in the 20th century, Ralph Redfern b , d. A video of a drive, filmed in , from the northern end of Portland Street to Lower Falls can be viewed here.

The section of town between the Upper Village and Lower Falls was known as Brickyard Hollow, named for the brick-making business that was located across the street from the Masonic Hall now the restaurant Gather , which was built in the s.

A muddy valley up until the beginning of the 20th century, the Hollow was eventually reclaimed as a civic center by laying down a two-foot layer of black ash, from Forest Paper Company, to level it out.

After constructing two new schools, the Merrill Memorial Library and a war memorial, town officials also decided to rename the area Centervale in order to improve its image.

The name did not last, however. In , Yarmouth built a large new school building on the site of the present, built town hall and police station. Grades 5 to 8 were on the first floor; the high school occupied the upper level.

When all of the high-school students were sent to North Yarmouth Academy in , the building became another elementary school.

In , both buildings were demolished to make way for the current construction. With funds lacking, it was put off until after World War I during which Yarmouth residents served , [15] when the project was completed in tandem with a board of trade plan to erect a bandstand.

The resulting octagon structure, in the Doric order , was adorned by a plaque to the veterans. The structure was inadequately maintained, however, and had to be removed when rotting boards resulted in injuries.

Although most of the land built on in the Hollow was for public buildings, one new home was constructed.

Herbert Merrill had a dental practice in the rear of his house, which has since been moved closer to the Rowe School. In , Joseph Edward Merrill b.

Directly across the street from the library stood the Dumphy house and barn. These were auctioned off in , creating more public space in Centervale.

In , a new centralized post office was built to the east of the present-day Anderson-Mayberry American Legion Hall named for servicemen Edgar Anderson b.

The bank failed early in the Great Depression of the s. On January 2, , twenty-six businesses located at Route 1 were destroyed in an arson attack.

The entire block, located near to the point at which Route 1 passes over Main Street, was pulled down shortly thereafter. Everett Stickney, of Exeter, New Hampshire , was convicted of starting the fire, along with another one in York, Maine , later that evening.

In contrast to today, people who lived near "the Corner" of Elm and Main Streets in the 19th century would not think of shopping at the Lower Falls end of the latter thoroughfare.

For over years, much of the retail activity in the Upper Village occurred in the area of these old brick stores. Some of the oldest buildings on Main Street are those on its southern side, clustered between the Catholic and Baptist churches.

Businesses and residences in the Upper Village and the area around the intersection of Main and Elm Street, which officially became known as Yarmouthville in , included roughly from west to east:.

The church was disbanded thirty years later. A Catholic church was built on Cumberland Street in The location was chosen out of fear that it would be vandalized if it was built on Main Street, for Yarmouth was a prevalently Protestant town at the time.

The structure still stands as a private home, but turned sideways to the street. A large wooden building located near the old brick schools at the intersection of West Main Street and Sligo Road served as the town hall between and The school buildings mentioned above were in use throughout the s.

In , teacher William Osgood had 74 students; as such, a second school was built beside the original soon after. His eldest son and first mate , Osborne b.

In April , his three-story, room mansion at West Main became the headquarters of Maine Preservation. He was the original occupant of the Gilman Manse house at Lafayette Street, later the home of Merrill Haskell b.

He is buried in the Ledge Cemetery. For the second half of the 20th century, it was home to Charles and Anita Stickney, who purchased it from Henry P.

It had twenty locations in three states in its peak years. Moving east, crossing Princes Point Road, eight historic homes exist in the stretch leading up to Cousins Island.

The first house on the left number is formerly that of Captain Joseph Drinkwater b. Arthur and Josie Fels bought the homestead in First, an built house on the left, is formerly that of Mrs.

The original part of the house dates from and is believed to have been expanded by William Bucknam b. It later became the home of New Hampshire natives Nelson b.

They owned and operated Burbank Farm from to The house of Charles Bucknam b. It was built in The only house originally on Royall Point Road was the farmhouse at the current number There was a wharf which served the farm.

The built home at Princes Point Road, a couple of hundred yards before the Morton Road intersection, is the former residence of Captain Nicholas Drinkwater, Sr.

Morton Road is named for Harry Newbert Morton b. A map shows Bucknam Point Road and the unnamed road slightly to the west that Umpire Way connects to.

These are both off Morton Road. In the early s, Princes Point began to develop as a summer colony. For several years it had become a favorite camping spot for the villagers and the inhabitants of the inland parts of the town who came here for clam bakes and picnics.

The town road ended at the John Drinkwater barn, and here a large gate opened into the pasture which included the two points now known as Princes and Sunset Points.

Captain Rotheus Drinkwater b. Captain John Cleaves b. The first cottage was built in It was later known as Battery Point Cottage. Others soon built nearby, including Doctor Herbert A.

The first to take up a lot on the western promontory now known as Sunset Point was Samuel O. In a wharf was built, and the steamer Madeline made two trips daily from Portland, stopping off at the Cumberland and Falmouth Foresides.

The short-lived electric railroad running the same route forced the discontinuation of the service. In , a four-story hotel of about thirty rooms, named Gem of the Bay, was built on Princes Point by Cornelius Harris b.

Named for Captain Theophilus Drinkwater b. His house, built in by his grandfather, Nicholas Drinkwater, stood at the southern end of the road bearing his name.

Bucknam wed Caroline Pierce Drinkwater b. He married for a second time the following year, to Abbie Frances Twombly b. Seaborne Drive and Channel Point Road appeared on a map of the town, as did the Homewood Inn development, [] which attracted guests from to They are ranked in chronological order below:.

As of November , the town is home to thirteen restaurants only sit-down service counted. It was a lunchtime mainstay for many locals for 35 years from to , run by Bill Kinsman b.

Owned by Florida-based NextEra Energy Resources, it has four steam turbine units, the most recent of which, with its foot chimney, went online in Yarmouth has no hotel or motel accommodation.

The Down East was, in , the second motel built in Maine and eventually became the oldest. The enterprise began as an inn in the property that now houses W.

Eleanor Roosevelt and her entourage once stayed overnight here because the Eastland Park Hotel in Portland banished her dog, Fala.

Three of the four schools are located within half a mile of each other: Rowe is located about two miles to the north east. The two elementary schools are unique in that the William H.

Rowe School caters to students in kindergarten and the first grade, while Yarmouth Elementary educates second through fourth graders. They are built of brick with granite and wood trim.

Russell Hall was originally a dormitory and Academy Hall a classroom; they are now both of the latter use. By the early s, the academy expanded into new facilities across the street.

Route 1 arrived in the late s at grade and also a bridge over Main Street. In , the Yarmouth section of Interstate was built. It runs elevated through town including, in controversial fashion, over the harborside at Lower Falls.

It has two exits 15 and 17 in the town. Exit 15 became a four-ramp intersection in July , when a northbound on-ramp was added.

Their affairs included laying out the highways. In , "a good road was built over the ledge from the meeting-house to the mills at the first falls which, although it was abandoned about for a less hilly course, may still be easily traced.

Its dry stone boundary is still intact. Welshman John Powell b. Dabney was a town selectman in In , "to accommodate the teams hauling lumber from the great pine forests inland to the seaboard, a new more convenient way was laid out by the way of Walnut Hill and the road constructed.

In , down at the First Falls, "the old road which clambered laboriously over the crest of the hill was replaced by a new street along the head of the wharves below the hill".

Later, Smith Street became an uninterrupted offshoot into Riverside Cemetery until Lafayette Street was built, in the early 20th century, coming down the hill closer to the harbor.

It was named Lafayette Street in honor of General Lafayette. By , Portland Street was in full swing, including the Elm Street offshoot that headed directly into the Upper Village.

Main Street was, by now, well established. For an map of Yarmouth, see here. A map shows the Atlantic Highway coming through town, aligning with what became Route 88 up to the point they meet at the end of Spring Street.

The town has two railroad junctions: The two railroads passing through the town are the St. In November , the service is expected to increase to five daily runs.

On weekdays, the trains pass through northbound at 4. On weekends, they pass through at 1. Trolley cars of the Portland and Yarmouth Electric Railway Company used to run, every fifteen minutes, from Portland, through Falmouth Foreside, up and down Pleasant Street [] and onto Main Street between and , when the advent of the automobile made rail travel a less convenient option.

Underwood Spring Park in Falmouth Foreside , with its open-air theater, casino and gazebo, was a popular gathering spot serviced by the trolley cars.

The theater only existed for eight years, burning down in The pedestrian bridge in the Royal River Park is built on old abutments for a trolley line which ran between Yarmouth and Freeport between and The Beth Condon Memorial Pathway is a pedestrian and bicycle path that originates on the western side of the Portland Street and Route 1 intersection.

It is named after year-old Yarmouth High School sophomore Elizabeth Ann "Beth" Condon, who was killed by drunk driver Martha Burke on August 28, , as she walked along Route 1 with her boyfriend, James Young, having just been to a video store in Yarmouth Marketplace.

Burke pleaded guilty to manslaughter and was sentenced to twelve years, with eight years suspended. It is at this juncture, where Condon died, that a butterfly garden was built in her honor.

It was rededicated on August 2, , a few weeks before the 21st anniversary of her death. In , a third phase added a section that took it up to the Hannaford plaza and, after an almost yard gap, a ramp connecting Route 1 up the hill to East Main Street.

Talk of bridging this gap, part of which goes beneath the East Main Street bridge, began in , with a planned start date of In , the pathway was integrated as part of the East Coast Greenway , a project to create a nearly 3,mile 4,km urban path linking the major cities of the Atlantic coast , from Calais, Maine , to Key West, Florida , for non-motorized human transportation.

There are six churches in Yarmouth. Four of these are located on Main Street. They are from east to west:. Cousins Island Chapel has been holding non-denominational services since in a former Baptist church.

The path down to the water still exists. The landing was one of the most important in Yarmouth up until the late s, when erosion caused the whole thing to slide into the channel.

The Ledge church, which was founded on November 18, , was torn down in , sixteen years after it was abandoned by the Parish.

Reverend Tristram Gilman, on the other hand, declared in a sermon that Thomas Jefferson was the Antichrist. The weathervane, which was the final addition to the steeple, was mounted in as a shipping guide on an iron rod atop the ledge overlooking the "Old Ledge" Meeting House by a group of Yarmouth residents.

The weathervane is now on display at the Yarmouth History Center, but its old supports still exist up in the woods beside Route They are passed by the West Side Trail.

Tristram Gilman died in Brown accepted the position of pastor, with the proviso that the church, which had been in use for nearly eighty years, be discontinued.

Shaw later lived here in a carriage house, but it burned down in a fire in Brown married Elizabeth Gilman b. Their son was Samuel Gilman Brown.

Those who were against the building of the new church incorporated themselves as the Chapel Religious Society. The present church was built on the other side of Main Street in and dedicated the following year.

It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in It has been twice altered: It ceased being used as a church in , when its congregation moved to the structure now on Main Street.

The bell was transferred to the new home. The meeting house was unused for less than a year. It was donated to the town in and used for town meetings until , at which point they were moved to the Log Cabin on Main Street.

Twelve townsfolk per day manned the tower in two-hour shifts. In , the Village Improvement Society founded in agreed to maintain the interior of the meeting house.

In , the town and the society restored the building, from its granite foundation to the barrel-vaulted ceiling.

The Church of the Nazarene on Route 1 became inactive in June and was demolished in the spring of The only graveyard that is, a burial ground associated with a church in Yarmouth is located beside the Meeting House on Hillside Street.

It is known as the Old Baptist Cemetery. His granddaughter, Elizabeth, is interred in Riverside Cemetery with her husband and daughter.

Two other cemeteries in town — Riverside and Holy Cross — are located adjacent to each other, at the eastern end of Smith Street.

It is in the founded Riverside Cemetery that several prominent early business owners and other townspeople are buried, including Ansel Loring b.

It was demolished about and the farm land was purchased in to become Holy Cross cemetery. This area was known as Sodom historically. There are around eighteen unmarked graves of early settlers here.

There is also a small cemetery, known as Hill Cemetery, within the confines of the adjacent Tinker Preserve. An early town newspaper was the Eastern Gazette , which was first printed by E.

Yarmouth Research and Technology is an independent testing laboratory for the manufacturers and end-users of chemical process equipment, such as valves, packing, gaskets, seals and other f low control products.

All testing is certified by a Professional Engineer. Third party test data from Yarmouth Research provides your customers the reliable information they need.

It can also provide you the proof of design required by ISO With the release of API in , we are seeing an increase in testing of valves from around the globe.

We have increased staff and equipment to expedite testing of all the required sizes. With the certification to API for gate and globe valves being a requirement and not an option, the time is now to schedule your tests.

API was released in and will be a common test for quarter-turn valves needing to meet Low-E requirements. The test consists of 3 thermal cycles to F or lower depending upon valve ratings.

Maximum allowed leakage is PPMv with 0 allowable packing adjustments. This standard will start to make its way into design standards, like API , so will become mandatory for those products.

ISO and -2 standards released their 2nd editions in June of There have been some significant changes. CO1 endurance class has reduced the number of mechanical cycles to , and PPMv levels have been included for methane tests.

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I am blessed to have a great crew of Technicians and Managers Molly and Dean. While I have expanded our testing capabilities into many areas, my original focus was that on Fugitive Emissions.

In , leakage requirements were as high as 10, PPMv and today test standards are being revised with PPMv with no adjustments throughout the test.

So lastly, I would like to thank all my customers over these past 26 years and give my assurance that our high standards will continue. Please contact me with any questions that you may have.

Yarmouth Research and Technology is an independent testing laboratory for the manufacturers and end-users of chemical process equipment, such as valves, packing, gaskets, seals and other f low control products.

All testing is certified by a Professional Engineer. Third party test data from Yarmouth Research provides your customers the reliable information they need.

It can also provide you the proof of design required by ISO With the release of API in , we are seeing an increase in testing of valves from around the globe.

We have increased staff and equipment to expedite testing of all the required sizes. With the certification to API for gate and globe valves being a requirement and not an option, the time is now to schedule your tests.

API was released in and will be a common test for quarter-turn valves needing to meet Low-E requirements. The test consists of 3 thermal cycles to F or lower depending upon valve ratings.

The mill closed in , when import restrictions on pulp were lifted and Swedish pulp became a cheaper option. The mill burned in , leaving charred remains on the site until the development of the Royal River Park in the early s.

In , the Marine Corps Reserve tore down the old factory, before a Navy demolition team used fourteen cases of dynamite to raze the remains. Most of the remaining debris was crushed and used as fill for the park but several remnants of the building are still visible today.

An iron refinery, the Forest Forge, occupied a spot nearby as early as After its demise, a large double sawmill was built on the dam by a company composed of Gooches, Pratts, Sargents, Cutters and Bakers, which was a prosperous establishment for many years.

Patches of snow still dotted the ground when year-old Maren Madsen arrived by train at Yarmouth Junction in May She had just returned from visiting family in her native Denmark.

At the depot north of town, she set out walking along the tracks, suitcase in hand, her eyes locked on the smokestacks of the sprawling Forest Paper Co.

Just above Fourth Falls, she crossed the narrow planks of the train trestle on her hands and knees, fearful of the deep water swirling below.

She was eager to get back to work and see old friends. Christensen died in , aged about Another daughter, Thora b.

They are at rest in Evergreen Cemetery in Portland. The Yarmouth History Center, run by Yarmouth Historical Society, is located beside the train trestle above, having moved from the third floor of the Merrill Memorial Library in In , Weston was one of the incorporators of Pumgustuk Water Company.

A water tower with a tank capacity of a quarter of a million gallons was erected off West Elm Street. It was replaced in with a million-gallon standpipe.

Later, a large building housed, in turn, a tannery , three shoe-manufacturing companies and a poultry -processing plant. The Sportocasin Company occupied it between and That company manufactured the ski shoes used on Commander Richard E.

Glick Brothers Poultry Processing Plant began in In , it was the largest employer in Yarmouth, having sixty people on its payroll.

As of the census [3] of , there were 8, people, 3, households, and 2, families residing in the town. The population density was There were 3, housing units at an average density of The racial makeup of the town was Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.

There were 3, households of which The average household size was 2. The median age in the town was The gender makeup of the town was As of the census [41] of , there were 8, people, 3, households, and 2, families residing in the town.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. In the town, the population was spread out with The median age was 42 years.

For every females, there were For every females age 18 and over, there were Traces of human occupation in the Yarmouth area date to about 2, BC.

During the years prior to the arrival of the Europeans, many Native American cultures existed in the area, [5] largely because of the natural features of the coastal land.

Rivers provided several resources, including food, fertile soil, power for the mills and the navigability between the inland areas and the ocean.

In , a year-old Englishman, George Felt b. Felt went back to Massachusetts to sell his property there, before returning to Broad Cove around In he bought 2, more acres of land from Phillips.

Felt was married to Elizabeth, with whom he had six children: In , Felt moved back to Massachusetts. He returned briefly, after , when he was around 80 years old.

In , Englishman William Royall b. This stream and its vicinity were called by the Indians "Westcustogo" — a name that, until the early s, was preserved by an inn of the same name on Princes Point Road at its intersection with Lafayette Street.

Royall moved to Dorchester, Massachusetts , in , a year before his death. By , approximately sixty-five people lived in Westcustogo.

There, he lived with Mary Saywood, to whom he later deeded his real estate in Casco Bay. Also in , George Felt Jr. Some settlers returned to their dwellings in , and within twelve months the region became incorporated as North Yarmouth , the eighth town of the province of Maine.

In , while the inhabitants on the eastern side of the river were building a garrison , they were attacked by Indians, and attempted a defense.

They continued the contest until nightfall, when the Indians retired. It was not long before they appeared again, in such force that the thirty-six families of the settlement were forced to flee, abandoning their homes for a second time.

The unrest kept the area deserted for many years, but by settlers revisited their homes, by which point they found their fields and the sites of their habitations covered by a young growth of trees.

The mills at the First Falls were rebuilt first. In , Massachusetts natives William b. His wife, Sarah, and children were taken into captivity for five years.

Shot good many times, no die! He later drowned while crossing the river near his home. It surveyed land divisions made with original proprietors, each with a home lot of ten acres.

If this lot was occupied and improved, the settler was permitted to apply for larger after-divisions. The structural frame of the first meeting house was raised in near Westcustogo Hill on what is now Gilman Road, and nine years later the first school was built at the northwestern corner of the Princes Point Road intersection.

Joseph Burnell was the only inhabitant of the town to be killed at the hands of the Indians in He had been on horseback near the Presumpscot River falls when he was ambushed and shot.

He was found scalped, with his steed lying nearby, having been shot four times. In June , a large party of Indians surprised four people near the Ledge meeting house.

They killed the elderly Ebenezer Eaton. In , Indians attacked the Means family, who lived at Flying Point. The family consisted of Thomas b.

The family was dragged out of their home. Thomas was shot and scalped. Mother and baby ran back into the house and barricaded the door.

John Martin, who had been sleeping in another room, fired at them, causing them to flee. They took with them Molly, whom they made follow them through the woods to Canada.

Upon her arrival in Quebec, she was sold as a slave. A few months later, Captain William McLellan, of Falmouth, was in Quebec in charge of a group of prisoners for exchange.

He had known Molly before her capture and secretly arranged for her escape. He came below her window and threw her a rope which she slid down.

McLellan brought her back to Falmouth on his vessel. They married shortly afterwards. His wife is buried with her second husband in Flying Point Cemetery.

The Means massacre was the last act of resistance by the indigenous people to occur within the limits of the town. By , 1, individuals lived in houses.

By , the population was 3, During a time of peace, settlement began to relocate along the coast and inland. Route 1 overpass Brickyard Hollow, as it was known.

Among the new proprietors at the time were descendants of the Plymouth Pilgrims. The Yarmouth Village Improvement Society has added wooden plaques to over notable buildings in town.

Another notable building is Camp Hammond —90 , at Main Street, whose construction method is significant in that the building consists of a single exterior wall of heavy planks over timbers, with no hidden spaces or hollow walls.

This so-called mill-built construction was used largely for fire prevention. A " grasshopper plague" arrived in , which resulted in the loss of wheat and corn crops.

A replica now stands just beyond the brick schools on West Main Street. Yarmouth constituted the eastern part of North Yarmouth until , when it was set off and incorporated as an independent town.

The split occurred due to bickering between the inland, farming-based contingent and the coastal maritime-oriented community. Unable to resolve this difference, the two halves of the town separated into present-day Yarmouth and North Yarmouth.

In there were nine districts in Yarmouth, designated by numbers: Cousins Island; Number Two: Lower Falls; Number Four: Princes Point; Number Six: Greely Road; Number Seven: Sweetser; and Number Nine: By , however, efforts were made to abolish this setup due its being seen as "unfair" in terms of fund distribution.

Once lumber was cut and sent to market, the land was farmed. Tanneries were built near brooks; potteries and brickyards put to use the natural clay in the area; and mills flourished along the Royal River, providing services such as iron-forging and fulling cloth.

Maritime activities were important from the beginning of the third settlement. Four major shipyards built vessels during this period.

On the western side of the river, Henry Hutchins b. Walker lived in the brick building at 51 Pleasant Street. It was here that the final large sailing vessel was built, in Yarmouth Boatyard formerly Union Wharf; established in ; located almost beneath the northbound lanes of Interstate and Yankee Marina established in ; whose entrance is near the crest of the Route 88 hill.

Several people pertinent to the shipbuilding industry lived on Pleasant Street, including Captain William Gooding b. In , a fire started in the dry grass south of Grand Trunk Station by a spark from a passing train.

Fanned by a strong wind, it spread rapidly into the woods and up over the ledge. Two hundred acres were burned, and the fire was only stopped because it reached the waters of Broad Cove.

Three of the former districts were discontinued because they were small and had dilapidated buildings. Electricity came to Yarmouth in Another, more menacing fire occurred in April when the corn-canning factory of Asa York b.

A strong southerly breeze carried the sparks directly across the most thickly-settled part of town, causing small fires in various places so that over twenty buildings were burning concurrently.

In , the Spanish flu hit town in two waves, resulting in cases and 14 deaths. In , Yarmouth celebrated its centenary with a parade.

Rapid growth was experienced again around when Route 1 was put through the town. Two years later, there were 2, inhabitants of the town.

As of the early 20th century, Yarmouth is mostly residential in character, with commercial development scattered throughout the town, particularly along Route 1 and Main Street State Route In , the Lower Falls near the harbor was crowded with the homes of sea captains, merchants and shipbuilders.

In , the post office established a route around town for the rural free delivery of mail. Hired was Joshua Adams Drinkwater b.

Early in the morning he would leave Princes Point, pick up the mail at Lower Falls, and then deliver letters to the northern edge of town, including Sligo and Mountfort Roads.

Each day, as he passed his farm on Princes Point Road, he would change horses and eat lunch with his wife, Harriet b. A lithograph from , depicting the area of Main Street serviced by York Street, shows the home of George Woods and, next door, the Yarmouth Institute, which he established as direct competition with North Yarmouth Academy.

Although it attracted students from as far afield as Cuba , his institute lacked an endowment and closed after five years. Woods sold the building to Paul Blanchard in It was torn down in Halfway along this northern section of Portland Street, at number , is a three-story Federal-style building that was once a tavern, built, around , by Colonel Seth Mitchell b.

Early in the 20th century, Ralph Redfern b , d. A video of a drive, filmed in , from the northern end of Portland Street to Lower Falls can be viewed here.

The section of town between the Upper Village and Lower Falls was known as Brickyard Hollow, named for the brick-making business that was located across the street from the Masonic Hall now the restaurant Gather , which was built in the s.

A muddy valley up until the beginning of the 20th century, the Hollow was eventually reclaimed as a civic center by laying down a two-foot layer of black ash, from Forest Paper Company, to level it out.

After constructing two new schools, the Merrill Memorial Library and a war memorial, town officials also decided to rename the area Centervale in order to improve its image.

The name did not last, however. In , Yarmouth built a large new school building on the site of the present, built town hall and police station.

Grades 5 to 8 were on the first floor; the high school occupied the upper level. When all of the high-school students were sent to North Yarmouth Academy in , the building became another elementary school.

In , both buildings were demolished to make way for the current construction. With funds lacking, it was put off until after World War I during which Yarmouth residents served , [15] when the project was completed in tandem with a board of trade plan to erect a bandstand.

The resulting octagon structure, in the Doric order , was adorned by a plaque to the veterans. The structure was inadequately maintained, however, and had to be removed when rotting boards resulted in injuries.

Although most of the land built on in the Hollow was for public buildings, one new home was constructed. Herbert Merrill had a dental practice in the rear of his house, which has since been moved closer to the Rowe School.

In , Joseph Edward Merrill b. Directly across the street from the library stood the Dumphy house and barn. These were auctioned off in , creating more public space in Centervale.

In , a new centralized post office was built to the east of the present-day Anderson-Mayberry American Legion Hall named for servicemen Edgar Anderson b.

The bank failed early in the Great Depression of the s. On January 2, , twenty-six businesses located at Route 1 were destroyed in an arson attack.

The entire block, located near to the point at which Route 1 passes over Main Street, was pulled down shortly thereafter.

Everett Stickney, of Exeter, New Hampshire , was convicted of starting the fire, along with another one in York, Maine , later that evening.

In contrast to today, people who lived near "the Corner" of Elm and Main Streets in the 19th century would not think of shopping at the Lower Falls end of the latter thoroughfare.

For over years, much of the retail activity in the Upper Village occurred in the area of these old brick stores. Some of the oldest buildings on Main Street are those on its southern side, clustered between the Catholic and Baptist churches.

Businesses and residences in the Upper Village and the area around the intersection of Main and Elm Street, which officially became known as Yarmouthville in , included roughly from west to east:.

The church was disbanded thirty years later. A Catholic church was built on Cumberland Street in The location was chosen out of fear that it would be vandalized if it was built on Main Street, for Yarmouth was a prevalently Protestant town at the time.

The structure still stands as a private home, but turned sideways to the street. A large wooden building located near the old brick schools at the intersection of West Main Street and Sligo Road served as the town hall between and The school buildings mentioned above were in use throughout the s.

In , teacher William Osgood had 74 students; as such, a second school was built beside the original soon after. His eldest son and first mate , Osborne b.

In April , his three-story, room mansion at West Main became the headquarters of Maine Preservation. He was the original occupant of the Gilman Manse house at Lafayette Street, later the home of Merrill Haskell b.

He is buried in the Ledge Cemetery. For the second half of the 20th century, it was home to Charles and Anita Stickney, who purchased it from Henry P.

It had twenty locations in three states in its peak years. Moving east, crossing Princes Point Road, eight historic homes exist in the stretch leading up to Cousins Island.

The first house on the left number is formerly that of Captain Joseph Drinkwater b. Arthur and Josie Fels bought the homestead in First, an built house on the left, is formerly that of Mrs.

The original part of the house dates from and is believed to have been expanded by William Bucknam b. It later became the home of New Hampshire natives Nelson b.

They owned and operated Burbank Farm from to The house of Charles Bucknam b. It was built in The only house originally on Royall Point Road was the farmhouse at the current number There was a wharf which served the farm.

The built home at Princes Point Road, a couple of hundred yards before the Morton Road intersection, is the former residence of Captain Nicholas Drinkwater, Sr.

Morton Road is named for Harry Newbert Morton b. A map shows Bucknam Point Road and the unnamed road slightly to the west that Umpire Way connects to.

These are both off Morton Road. In the early s, Princes Point began to develop as a summer colony. For several years it had become a favorite camping spot for the villagers and the inhabitants of the inland parts of the town who came here for clam bakes and picnics.

The town road ended at the John Drinkwater barn, and here a large gate opened into the pasture which included the two points now known as Princes and Sunset Points.

Captain Rotheus Drinkwater b.

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