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Us president elections

us president elections

Die Wahl zum Präsidenten und zum Vizepräsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika .. „Hacking a U.S. presidential election [is] even easier than we thought!“ („Das Hacken einer US-Präsidentschaftswahl ist noch einfacher als wir . e-Pedia: United States Presidential Election: The election of the President and Vice President of the United States is an indirect vote in which citizens of. Die Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten bestimmt, wer für eine vierjährige Amtszeit als Präsident der Vereinigten Staaten und wer als Vizepräsident der Vereinigten Staaten dient. Sie ist eine indirekte Wahl; bei der Präsidentschaftswahl wird ein Wahlmännerkollegium (Electoral College) .. Yanek Mieczkowski: The Routledge Historical Atlas of. CBS News will be keeping an eye on 13 battleground states: Retrieved from " schon jetzt englisch When voters used to travel to the polls by horse, Tuesday was an ideal day because it allowed people to worship on Sunday, ride to their county seat on Monday, and vote on Tuesday—all before market day, Wednesday. Jackson received 99 electoral votes withpopular votes But Hamilton feared that if Adams was the unanimous choice, he would end in köln gladbach 2019 tie with Washington and might even become president, an beste spiele online casino that would be highly embarrassing for both Washington and the genting casino in cromwell electoral system. McClellan, the general who had commanded us president elections Army of the Potomac until his indecision and delays caused Lincoln to remove him. The europameisterschaft deutschland polen United States Congress officially certified the results on Casino ohne deposit 6, Intense lobbying in one party in deutschland involving claims of harassment and death threats [] and grass-roots ultimate online were directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College [] to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding fernseh gebraucht kaufen Trump presidency. Electoral Us president electionsknown as electors. Unfortunately, the system still provided no separate votes for president and vice president, and Republican managers failed to deflect votes from their vice-presidential candidate, Aaron Burr. At the center of discussion was the filing of top cabinet posts. Another alternate proposal is the National Popular Vote Interstate Compactan interstate compact whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner mg games the national popular vote instead of just their respective statewide results.

Electoral College , known as electors. These electors then in turn cast direct votes, known as electoral votes, for president , and for vice president.

The candidate who receives an absolute majority of electoral votes at least out of a total of , since the Twenty-Third Amendment granting voting rights to citizens of Washington, D.

If no candidate receives an absolute majority of the votes for President, the House of Representatives chooses the winner; if no one receives an absolute majority of the votes for Vice President, then the Senate chooses the winner.

The Electoral College and its procedure are established in the U. Under Clause 2, each of the states casts as many electoral votes as the total number of its Senators and Representatives in Congress , while, per the Twenty-third Amendment ratified in , Washington, D.

Also under Clause 2, the manner for choosing electors is determined by each state legislature , not directly by the federal government. Many state legislatures previously selected their electors directly, but over time all of them switched to using the popular vote to help determine electors, which persists today.

Once chosen, electors generally cast their electoral votes for the candidate who won the plurality in their state, but at least 21 states do not have provisions that specifically address this behavior; those who vote in opposition to the plurality are known as " faithless" or " unpledged electors ".

Presidential elections occur quadrennially with registered voters casting their ballots on Election Day , which since has been the first Tuesday after November 1.

The Electoral College electors then formally cast their electoral votes on the first Monday after December 12 at their respective state capitals.

Congress then certifies the results in early January, and the presidential term begins on Inauguration Day , which since the passage of the Twentieth Amendment has been set at January The nomination process, consisting of the primary elections and caucuses and the nominating conventions , was not specified in the Constitution, but was developed over time by the states and political parties.

These primary elections are generally held between January and June before the general election in November, while the nominating conventions are held in the summer.

Though not codified by law, political parties also follow an indirect election process, where voters in the 50 U. Each party may then choose a vice presidential running mate to join the ticket, which is either determined by choice of the nominee or by a second round of voting.

Because of changes to national campaign finance laws since the s regarding the disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns, presidential candidates from the major political parties usually declare their intentions to run as early as the spring of the previous calendar year before the election almost 18 months before Inauguration Day.

Article Two of the United States Constitution originally established the method of presidential elections, including the Electoral College. This was a result of a compromise between those constitutional framers who wanted the Congress to choose the president, and those who preferred a national popular vote.

Each state is allocated a number of electors that is equal to the size of its delegation in both houses of Congress combined. With the ratification of the 23rd Amendment to the Constitution in , the District of Columbia is also granted a number of electors, equal to the number of those held by the least populous state.

Constitutionally, the manner for choosing electors is determined within each state by its legislature; Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 states that each state shall appoint electors "in such Manner as the Legislature Thereof May Direct.

In , only five of the 16 states chose electors by a popular vote; by , after the rise of Jacksonian democracy , the proportion of states that chose electors by popular vote had sharply risen to 18 out of 24 states.

Under the original system established by Article Two, electors could cast two votes to two different candidates for president. The candidate with the highest number of votes provided it was a majority of the electoral votes became the president, and the second-place candidate became the vice president.

In response to the election, the 12th Amendment was passed, requiring electors to cast two distinct votes: While this solved the problem at hand, it ultimately had the effect of lowering the prestige of the Vice Presidency, as the office was no longer for the leading challenger for the Presidency.

Electors chosen this way are pledged to vote for a particular presidential and vice presidential candidate offered by the same political party.

So, while the Constitution says that the President and Vice President are chosen separately, in practice they are chosen together. The 12th Amendment also established rules when no candidate wins a majority vote in the Electoral College.

In the presidential election of , Andrew Jackson received a plurality , but not a majority, of electoral votes cast. The election was thrown to the House of Representatives , and John Quincy Adams was elected to the presidency.

A deep rivalry resulted between Andrew Jackson and House Speaker Henry Clay , who had also been a candidate in the election.

Although the nationwide popular vote does not directly determine the winner of a presidential election, it does strongly correlate with who is the victor.

In 53 of the 58 total elections held so far about 91 percent , the winner of the national popular vote has also carried the Electoral College vote.

The winners of the nationwide popular vote and the Electoral College vote differ only in close elections. In highly competitive elections, candidates focus on turning out their vote in the contested swing states critical to winning an electoral college majority, so they do not try to maximize their popular vote by real or fraudulent vote increases in one-party areas.

However, candidates can fail to get the most votes in the nationwide popular vote in a Presidential election and still win that election.

In the election, Jackson won the popular vote, but no one received the majority of electoral votes.

According to the 12th Amendment in the Constitution, the House of Representatives must choose the president out of the top three people in the election.

Clay had come fourth, so he threw his support to Adams, who then won. Charges of a "corrupt bargain" followed Adams through his term.

Then in , , , and , the winner of electoral vote lost the popular vote outright. Numerous constitutional amendments have been submitted seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, but none has ever successfully passed both Houses of Congress.

Another alternate proposal is the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote instead of just their respective statewide results.

The presidential election day was established on a Tuesday in the month of November because of the factors involved weather, harvests and worship.

When voters used to travel to the polls by horse, Tuesday was an ideal day because it allowed people to worship on Sunday, ride to their county seat on Monday, and vote on Tuesday—all before market day, Wednesday.

The month of November also fits nicely between harvest time and harsh winter weather, which could be especially bad to people traveling by horse and buggy.

With better technology and the 20th Amendment being passed, presidential inaugurations were moved to noon on January 20—allowing presidents to start their duties sooner.

The Federal Election Campaign Act of was enacted to increase disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns. Thus, this began a trend of presidential candidates declaring their intentions to run as early as the Spring of the previous calendar year so they can start raising and spending the money needed for their nationwide campaign.

The first president, George Washington , was elected as an independent. Since the election of his successor, John Adams , in , all winners of U.

Third parties have taken second place only twice, in and The last time a third independent candidate achieved significant success although still finishing in third place was in , and the last time a third-party candidate received any electoral votes not from faithless electors was in Article Two of the United States Constitution stipulates that for a person to serve as President, the individual must be a natural-born citizen of the United States , at least 35 years old, and a resident of the United States for a period of no less than 14 years.

A candidate may start running his or her campaign early before turning 35 years old or completing 14 years of residency, but must meet the age and residency requirements by Inauguration Day.

The Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution also sets a term limit: Constitution also has two provisions that apply to all federal offices in general, not just the presidency.

Article I, Section 3, Clause 7 states that if the U. Congress convicts any officer on impeachment, they may also bar that person from holding any public office in the future.

And Section 3 of the Fourteenth Amendment prohibits the election to any federal office of any person who had held any federal or state office and then engaged in insurrection, rebellion or treason; this disqualification can be waived if such an individual gains the consent of two-thirds of both houses of Congress.

In addition, the Twelfth Amendment establishes that the Vice-President must meet all of the qualifications of being a President. The modern nominating process of U.

This process was never included in the United States Constitution , and thus evolved over time by the political parties to clear the field of candidates.

The primary elections are run by state and local governments, while the caucuses are organized directly by the political parties. Some states hold only primary elections, some hold only caucuses, and others use a combination of both.

These primaries and caucuses are staggered generally between January and June before the federal election, with Iowa and New Hampshire traditionally holding the first presidential state caucus and primary, respectively.

Like the general election, presidential caucuses or primaries are indirect elections. The major political parties officially vote for their presidential candidate at their respective nominating conventions, usually all held in the summer before the federal election.

Unlike the general election, voters in the U. Furthermore, each political party can determine how many delegates to allocate to each state and territory.

In for example, the Democratic and Republican party conventions each used two different formulas to allocate delegates. The Democrats-based theirs on two main factors: Along with delegates chosen during primaries and caucuses, state and U.

For Republicans, they consist of the three top party officials from each state and territory. Democrats have a more expansive group of unpledged delegates called " superdelegates ", who are party leaders and elected officials.

If no single candidate has secured a majority of delegates including both pledged and unpledged , then a " brokered convention " results. All pledged delegates are then "released" and are able to switch their allegiance to a different candidate.

Thereafter, the nomination is decided through a process of alternating political horse trading , and additional rounds of re-votes.

The conventions have historically been held inside convention centers , but since the late 20th century both the Democratic and Republican parties have favored sports arenas and domed stadiums to accommodate the increasing attendance.

Although each state designates electors by popular vote, other methods are allowed. For instance, instead of having a popular vote, a number of states used to select presidential electors by a direct vote of the state legislature itself.

However, federal law does specify that all electors must be selected on the same day, which is "the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November," i.

Thus, the presidential election is really an amalgamation of separate and simultaneous state elections instead of a single national election run by the federal government.

Like any other election in the United States, the eligibility of an individual for voting is set out in the Constitution and regulated at state level.

The Constitution states that suffrage cannot be denied on grounds of race or color , sex or age for citizens eighteen years or older.

Beyond these basic qualifications, it is the responsibility of state legislatures to regulate voter eligibility.

Generally, voters are required to vote on a ballot where they select the candidate of their choice. The presidential ballot is a vote "for the electors of a candidate" meaning that the voter is not voting for the candidate, but endorsing a slate of electors pledged to vote for a specific presidential and vice presidential candidate.

Many voting ballots allow a voter to "blanket vote" for all candidates in a particular political party or to select individual candidates on a line by line voting system.

Which candidates appear on the voting ticket is determined through a legal process known as ballot access. Thus, the presidential election ticket will not list every candidate running for President, but only those who have secured a major party nomination or whose size of their political party warrants having been formally listed.

Laws are in effect to have other candidates pre-listed on a ticket, provided that enough voters have endorsed the candidate, usually through a signature list.

This is used for candidates who did not fulfill the legal requirements to be pre-listed on the voting ticket. It is also used by voters to express a distaste for the listed candidates, by writing in an alternative candidate for president such as Mickey Mouse or comedian Stephen Colbert whose application was voted down by the South Carolina Democratic Party.

In any event, a write-in candidate has never won an election for President of the United States. Guam has held straw polls for president since the election to draw attention to this fact.

Maine and Nebraska do not use this method, instead giving two electoral votes to the statewide winner and one electoral vote to the winner of each Congressional district.

Although Electoral College members can technically vote for anyone under the U. Constitution, 24 states have laws to punish faithless electors , [21] those who do not cast their electoral votes for the person whom they have pledged to elect.

In early January, the total Electoral College vote count is opened by the sitting Vice President, acting in his capacity as President of the Senate , and read aloud to a joint session of the incoming Congress, which was elected at the same time as the President.

If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote at least , the President is determined by the rules outlined by the 12th Amendment. Specifically, the selection of President would then be decided by a contingent election in a ballot of the House of Representatives.

For the purposes of electing the President, each state has only one vote. A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President.

In this ballot, each senator has one vote. The House of Representatives has chosen the victor of the presidential race only twice, in and ; the Senate has chosen the victor of the vice-presidential race only once, in If neither are chosen by then, Congress by law determines who shall act as President, pursuant to the 20th Amendment.

Unless there are faithless electors, disputes, or other controversies, the events in December and January mentioned above are largely a formality since the winner can be determined based on the state-by-state popular vote results.

Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is referred to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that has won re-election.

The typical periods of the presidential election process are as follows, with the dates corresponding to the general election:. Among the 44 persons who have served as president, only Donald Trump had never held a position in either government or the military prior to taking office.

Grant , and Dwight D. Eisenhower had was in the military. Herbert Hoover previously served as the Secretary of Commerce.

Everyone else served in elected public office before becoming president, such as being Vice President, a member of the United States Congress , or a state or territorial governor.

Fourteen Presidents also served as vice president. Bush began their first term after winning an election. The remaining nine began their first term as president according to the presidential line of succession after the intra-term death or resignation of their predecessor.

Truman , and Lyndon B. Arthur , and Gerald Ford were not. Sixteen presidents had previously served in the U. Senate, including four of the five who served between and However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president Warren G.

Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives. However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A.

Bush have been governors of a state. Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.

In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.

The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military. Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U.

Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns. The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.

National advertisements such as Lyndon B. In , George H. Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.

In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website. But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen.

By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites. Throughout the election season, Hayden was a frequent and outspoken critic of Trump.

ET A trove of notable and outspoken Republicans who initially opposed Trump have begun to send congratulatory messages to the president-elect via Twitter.

Best wishes for our duly elected president: May his victory speech be his guide and preserving the Republic his aim.

Clinton expressed great gratitude to family members, staffers, Americans, and the first family for their relentless support.

At the center of discussion was the filing of top cabinet posts. The plan is to present Trump with top recommendations for cabinet secretaries.

The team is also prepared to vet any additional names Trump may mention for consideration. A few names have circulated throughout the campaign season, including: The transition team completed all transition binders on schedule last Thursday.

They covered cabinet secretaries, domestic and foreign policy, White House operations, timelines for the transition and national security.

ET Donald Trump just finished speaking to his reporters at the Hilton hotel in midtown Manhattan, declaring victory in the presidential race and confirming that Clinton had conceded.

The Clinton campaign has not confirmed it yet. I can say we can wait a little longer. The Canadian government website for immigration crashed Tuesday night as Americans on both side of the political divide experienced anxiety over the presidential election.

The speaker congratulated Trump on his big night and also spoke with his good friend Governor Mike Pence.

ET When do presidential candidates get recounts? The presidential race remains tight in several battleground states.

Some of those results could be contested if the margins are thin enough when the counting is done. Here are the rules governing some of those states:.

Any candidate can call for a recount if the margin is within 20 percent. Wednesday morning, Trump led Clinton there The candidate has three days to make the request and has to foot the bill if the margin between the candidates exceeds a half percent.

Also, since , all recounts in Minnesota are to be conducted manually. Donald Trump is overperforming in Cleveland suburbs.

The list of presidents who have won the White House without winning their home state is short, but it could get one name longer tonight.

Richard Nixon is the third candidate to lose at home, but win the country. He lost New York in , his state of residency at the time. Most people think of California when they think of Nixon, which is the state he represented in the House and Senate.

He even ran a failed bid for governor there. When he won the presidency in , that was his legal home. A candidate must win electoral votes to win the White House.

No major battleground state has been called yet. Clinton is getting strong support from minority voters in Florida. Overall, she is beating Trump by 71 percent to 22 percent among all non-white voters.

Clinton is getting 84 percent of the vote from black voters and 62 percent from Hispanic voters. Among non-Cuban Hispanics, Clinton is winning 70 percent to 25 percent for Trump.

Black women in Florida are supporting Clinton more strongly than black men with 88 percent of black women supporting her compared to 80 percent of black men.

White voters in Florida had different views about the fairness of the U. Among white voters who said that all people are treated fairly, 81 percent voted for Trump.

Clinton received 61 percent of those voters who said that blacks are treated unfairly. Among women who said this, Clinton won by a 75 to 35 percent margin.

Clinton is running very strongly among younger voters. She is beating Trump 54 percent to 38 percent among voters under 45 although Gary Johnson is winning 7 percent of those voters.

Trump is leading by a 53 to 44 percent margin among voters over Overall, Trump is winning among white voters by 60 percent to 35 percent for Clinton.

This varies a great deal by gender and education. Trump is getting 70 percent of white male voters with no college education.

Trump and Clinton are running equally among white women with college degrees. There is no evidence of Republican women defecting from Trump in North Carolina.

Among Democratic identifiers, 92 percent of women are voting for Clinton compared to 88 percent of men.

Only 8 percent of North Carolina voters said they made up their minds in the last week, but Trump won 49 percent of their votes compared to 35 for Clinton and 13 percent for Johnson.

So far it looks like Republicans are strongly supporting Trump. Among black women Clinton is getting over 90 percent. Trump has the majority of the support of male voters in Ohio 55 percent Trump vs 38 percent Clinton.

In , male support was 52 percent Romney vs 45 percent Obama. Looking at the vote by race is similar to what was seen in Trump 57 percent as compared to Obama 41 percent vs.

The majority 89 percent of black voters in Virginia are voting for Clinton, a bit less than the 96 percent level of support that Obama had in Trump continues to see support among white non-college voters, with almost 60 percent voting for him in Virginia.

ET Here is more from exit polling in Pennsylvania, which is currently a tossup between Clinton and Trump:. The gender gap is alive and well among voters in Pennsylvania, according to exit polling: Males are supporting Trump 54 percent while females are supporting Clinton 58 percent.

Among white voters in Pennsylvania, over half are voting for Trump. Clinton has the majority support among black voters in the state 93 percent.

She also has more support among the white voters with a college degree 55 percent , while white voters without a college degree are more split in Pennsylvania Clinton 46 percent, Trump 50 percent.

Young voters to year-olds support Clinton 55 percent, but that support is not as high as the 63 percent who supported Obama in Among voters who say that they decided who to vote for in the last week, over half voted for Trump.

He has a slight dropoff with Republican women, getting 85 percent of their votes. Among Democratic identifiers, 91 percent of women are voting for Clinton compared to 85 percent of men.

This again points to the gender gap in Pennsylvania. Among the voters who say they strongly favor their candidate, their support is split between Clinton and Trump.

Among those who say they dislike the other candidate, 46 percent support Trump as compared with 39 percent voting for Clinton. Rather than manning up he goes and does a thing like that.

The Trumps visited a Midtown Manhattan polling place Tuesday morning to cast their votes. Both candidates are viewed unfavorably by a majority of voters.

More than half of voters 54 percent have an unfavorable view of Hillary Clinton, and 61 percent have an unfavorable view of Donald Trump.

Trump is currently winning the change voters. Meanwhile, Clinton is performing well among those who prioritize experience and judgment.

Trump is seen as better able to handle the economy, while Clinton has the advantage when considering foreign policy. Similar to pre-election polls, more see Clinton as qualified and having the right temperament.

About half of voters said that Clinton is qualified to be president 53 percent , as compared to Trump 37 percent. Similarly, over half of voters said that Clinton has the temperament to be president, whereas only 34 percent said the same of Trump.

Neither candidate is seen as honest and trustworthy. Almost two thirds 60 percent say Clinton is not honest and trustworthy, and 65 percent say the same about Trump.

ET As we wait for polls to close in an additional 16 states plus the District of Columbia at 8 p. ET, here are some more exit poll results from Virginia:.

The majority of female voters in Virginia say they voted for Clinton 57 percent, versus 38 percent for Trump while males favored Trump 49 percent for Trump, versus 44 percent for Clinton.

Of white non-college graduates in Virginia, support is split: Clinton wins 50 percent and Trump takes 45 percent. Among white college graduates, Clinton has more early voters 56 percent, versus 37 percentfor Trump.

Clinton gets the majority of support from the younger Virginia voters to year-olds , with 53 percent of the exit poll voters favoring Clinton versus 34 percent for Trump.

Ohio is a tossup, and in North Carolina, Clinton has an edge over Trump. In Virginia, Clinton now also has an edge.

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In anderen Projekten Commons. Ökologie und Ökonomie Preis: New York , 4. Parker, Alton Brooks Parker. Dieser Wert wurde von der verantwortlichen Commission on Presidential Debates als Untergrenze für eine Zulassung zu diesen Debatten festgelegt. Dezember durch eben jenes Gremium insgesamt sieben abweichende Stimmabgaben. Davis Demokratische Partei Robert M. Van Buren, Martin Van Buren.

Early polling indicated a closer-than-usual race in former Democratic strongholds such as Washington , Delaware , New Jersey , Connecticut , Maine for the two statewide electoral votes , and New Mexico.

A consensus among political pundits developed throughout the primary election season regarding swing states. For example, Utah was the reddest state in , although the Republican share was boosted significantly by the candidacy of Mormon candidate Mitt Romney.

Media reports indicated that both candidates planned to concentrate on Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio and North Carolina. These generally rate the race by the likelihood for each party to win a state.

As the parameters of the race established themselves, analysts converged on a narrower list of contested states, which were relatively similar to those of recent elections.

Additionally, a district from each of Maine and Nebraska were considered to be coin flips. Clinton won states like New Mexico by less than 10 percentage points.

After the conventions of the national parties, Clinton and Trump carried out a total of 72 visits to the following states of Florida, 59 to Pennsylvania, 52 to North Carolina, 43 to Ohio, 25 to Virginia, 24 to Michigan, 23 to Iowa, 22 to New Hampshire, 19 to Colorado, 16 to Nevada, 15 to Wisconsin, and 10 to Arizona.

Results by vote distribution among states. Red denotes counties that went to Trump; blue denotes counties that went to Clinton.

United States presidential election, cartogram. The voter survey is based on exit polls completed by 24, voters leaving voting places throughout the United States on Election Day , in addition to 4, telephone interviews with early and absentee voters.

The election also represented the first time that Republicans performed better among lower-income whites than among affluent white voters.

However, "more convincing data" [] from the polling firm Latino Decisions indicates that Clinton received a higher share of the Hispanic vote, and Trump a lower share, than the Edison exit polls showed.

Various methods were used to forecast the outcome of the election. These models mostly showed a Democratic advantage since the nominees were confirmed, and were supported by pundits and statisticians, including Nate Silver of FiveThirtyEight, Nate Cohn at The New York Times , and Larry Sabato from the Crystal Ball newsletter, who predicted a Democratic victory in competitive presidential races and projected consistent leads in several battleground states around the country.

Early exit polls generally favored Clinton. This result stands in contrast to the results , when President Obama won all but Indiana , which he carried in This table displays the final polling average published by Real Clear Politics on November 7, the actual electoral margin, and the over-performance by either candidate relative to the polls.

Many pollsters were puzzled by the failure of mainstream forecasting models to predict the outcome of the election. High school and college students walked out of classes to protest.

At some protests fires were lit, flags and other items were burned and people yelled derogatory remarks about Trump. Rioters also broke glass at certain locations.

After the election, computer scientists, including J. Alex Halderman , the director of the University of Michigan Center for Computer Security and Society, urged the Clinton campaign to request an election recount in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania three swing states where Trump had won narrowly for the purpose of excluding the possibility that the hacking of electronic voting machines had influenced the recorded outcome.

Donald Trump and New Hampshire governor Chris Sununu both complained that liberal voters from Massachusetts were illegally bused into New Hampshire for the election, and Scott Brown blamed the same phenomenon for losing his senate race in They found that in every case, field inspectors were able to determine that the voters were from New Hampshire, though they were riding a bus operated by an out-of-state company which has its name and address written on the outside of the bus, presumably the source of the confusion.

District Judge Mark Goldsmith ordered a halt to the recount in Michigan on December 7, dissolving a previous temporary restraining order against the Michigan Board of Elections that allowed the recount to continue, stating in his order: Instead, they present speculative claims going to the vulnerability of the voting machinery — but not actual injury.

The recounts in Wisconsin and Nevada were completed on schedule, resulting in only minor changes to vote tallies. A subsequent state audit found no evidence of voter fraud and concluded that the mistakes, which were "almost entirely" caused by poll-worker mistakes attributed to poor training, did not impair "the ability of Detroit residents to cast a ballot and have their vote counted".

Intense lobbying in one case involving claims of harassment and death threats [] and grass-roots campaigns were directed at various GOP electors of the United States Electoral College [] to convince a sufficient number of them 37 to not vote for Trump, thus precluding a Trump presidency.

US to provide pro bono legal counsel as well as a secure communications platform for members of the Electoral College who were considering a vote of conscience against Trump.

Williams castigated Democratic electors who had filed a lawsuit in Federal court to have the state law binding them to the popular vote in their case for Hillary Clinton overturned.

On December 10, ten electors, in an open letter headed by Christine Pelosi to the Director of National Intelligence James Clapper , demanded an intelligence briefing [] [] in light of Russian interference in the election to help Trump win the presidency.

On December 19, several electors voted against their pledged candidates: A further three electors attempted to vote against Clinton but were replaced or forced to vote again.

The th United States Congress officially certified the results on January 6, In the Electoral College vote on December 19, for the first time since , multiple faithless electors voted against their pledged qualified presidential candidate.

Likewise, for the first time since , [c] multiple faithless electors voted against the pledged qualified vice presidential candidate. Of the faithless votes, Colin Powell and Elizabeth Warren were the only two to receive more than one; Powell received three electoral votes for President and Warren received two for Vice President.

Sanders is the first Jewish American to receive an electoral vote for President. It is the first election with faithless electors from more than one political party.

The seven people to receive electoral votes for president were the most in a single election since , and more than any other election since the enactment of the Twelfth Amendment in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Redirected from United States presidential election, For related races, see United States elections. Presidential election results map.

Numbers indicate electoral votes allotted to the winner of each state. United States presidential election.

Republican Party presidential primaries, President of the United States. Business projects in Russia Election interference timeline Links of associates with Russian officials Steele dossier Trump Tower meeting Wiretapping allegations Classified information disclosure Special Counsel investigation Republican Party presidential candidates, Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection, Democratic Party presidential primaries, Democratic Party presidential candidates, Democratic Party vice presidential candidate selection, Evan McMullin presidential campaign, United States third-party and independent presidential candidates, Newspaper endorsements in the United States presidential election, Russian interference in the United States elections.

Voter suppression in the United States. University of Nevada Las Vegas. They lost respectively two and five votes to faithless electors. Pence and Kaine lost one and five votes, respectively.

Some states continued to allocate electors by legislative vote as late as The exact numbers of write-in votes for Sanders have been published for three states: California, Vermont, and New Hampshire.

Chris Suprun stated that he cast his presidential vote for John Kasich and his vice presidential vote for Carly Fiorina. The other faithless elector in Texas, Bill Greene, cast his presidential vote for Ron Paul but cast his vice presidential vote for Mike Pence, as pledged.

Popular vote [] [] Clinton. Electoral vote—Vice President Pence. Total — 65,, Results of U. Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Trump.

Results by county, shaded according to percentage of the vote for Clinton. Nationwide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, and Statewide opinion polling for the United States presidential election, Legend [] cable news network broadcast network Total television viewers 8: International reactions to the United States presidential election, Faithless electors in the United States presidential election.

Greeley still garnered three posthumous electoral votes which were subsequently dismissed by Congress. President before election Barack Obama Democratic.

Elected President Donald Trump Republican. Timeline General election debates Parties Polling national statewide by demographics international Newspaper endorsements primary general Russian interference Social media International reactions Electors Recounts Faithless electors.

Third party and independent candidates Libertarian Party primaries debates nominee convention Green Party primaries debates nominee convention Constitution Party primaries nominee Independents McMullin.

This article is part of a series about Donald Trump. Republican Party ticket, Chairman of The Trump Organization — Candidates in this section are sorted by reverse date of withdrawal from the primaries.

Senator from Texas — present. Senator from Florida — present. CEO of Hewlett-Packard — Senator from Kentucky — present.

Senator from Pennsylvania — Senator from South Carolina — present. This article is part of a series about Hillary Clinton. Democratic Party ticket, Secretary of State — Senator from Virginia — present.

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawal from the primaries. Senator from Vermont — present. Harvard Law professor — Senator from Virginia — July 26, 13,, votes.

November 2, 4 write-in votes in New Hampshire. October 20, 2 write-in votes in New Hampshire. This article is part of a series about Gary Johnson.

This article is part of a series about Bill Weld. Senate campaign Governor of Massachusetts election re-election U. Libertarian Party ticket, This article is part of a series about Jill Stein.

Green Party ticket, Physician from Lexington, Massachusetts. Activist from Washington, DC. Chief policy director for the House Republican Conference — Constitution Party ticket, Attorney from Memphis, Tennessee.

American Delta Party Reform Party. Michael Steinberg Lawyer from Florida. Gloria La Riva Newspaper printer and activist from California.

Osborne Hart of Pennsylvania. Monica Moorehead perennial candidate and political activist from Alabama []. Lamont Lilly of North Carolina [].

Angela Nicole Walker of Wisconsin. Bill Bayes of Mississippi []. Ricky Johnson Preacher from Pennsylvania. Tom Hoefling activist from Iowa [].

Veterans Party of America. Chris Keniston reliability engineer from Texas []. Deacon Taylor of Nevada []. Legal Marijuana Now Party.

Mike Maturen sales professional and magician from Michigan. If no candidate receives a majority of the electoral vote at least , the President is determined by the rules outlined by the 12th Amendment.

Specifically, the selection of President would then be decided by a contingent election in a ballot of the House of Representatives.

For the purposes of electing the President, each state has only one vote. A ballot of the Senate is held to choose the Vice President.

In this ballot, each senator has one vote. The House of Representatives has chosen the victor of the presidential race only twice, in and ; the Senate has chosen the victor of the vice-presidential race only once, in If neither are chosen by then, Congress by law determines who shall act as President, pursuant to the 20th Amendment.

Unless there are faithless electors, disputes, or other controversies, the events in December and January mentioned above are largely a formality since the winner can be determined based on the state-by-state popular vote results.

Between the general election and Inauguration Day, this apparent winner is referred to as the " President-elect " unless it is a sitting President that has won re-election.

The typical periods of the presidential election process are as follows, with the dates corresponding to the general election:. Among the 44 persons who have served as president, only Donald Trump had never held a position in either government or the military prior to taking office.

Grant , and Dwight D. Eisenhower had was in the military. Herbert Hoover previously served as the Secretary of Commerce. Everyone else served in elected public office before becoming president, such as being Vice President, a member of the United States Congress , or a state or territorial governor.

Fourteen Presidents also served as vice president. Bush began their first term after winning an election. The remaining nine began their first term as president according to the presidential line of succession after the intra-term death or resignation of their predecessor.

Truman , and Lyndon B. Arthur , and Gerald Ford were not. Sixteen presidents had previously served in the U. Senate, including four of the five who served between and However, only three were incumbent senators at the time they were elected president Warren G.

Harding in , John F. Kennedy in , and Barack Obama in Eighteen presidents had earlier served in the House of Representatives.

However, only one was a sitting representative when elected to presidency James A. Bush have been governors of a state. Geographically, these presidents were from either very large states Reagan from California , Bush from Texas or from a state south of the Mason—Dixon line and east of Texas Carter from Georgia , Clinton from Arkansas.

In all, sixteen presidents have been former governors, including seven who were incumbent governors at the time of their election to the presidency.

The most common job experience, occupation or profession of U. Twenty-two presidents were also in the military. Eight presidents had served as Cabinet Secretaries, with five of the six Presidents who served between and having held the office of U.

Advances in technology and media have also affected presidential campaigns. The invention of both radio and television have given way to the reliance of national political advertisements across those methods of communication.

National advertisements such as Lyndon B. In , George H. Since the development of the internet in the mids, Internet activism has also become an invaluable component of presidential campaigns, especially since The internet was first used in the presidential elections, but primarily as a brochure for the candidate online.

In , both candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore created, maintained and updated their campaign website. But it was not until the presidential election cycle was the potential value of the internet seen.

By the summer of , ten people competing in the presidential election had developed campaign websites. His website played a significant role in his overall campaign strategy.

All of the major candidates had a website and utilized social networking like Facebook and MySpace. Internet channels such as YouTube were used by candidates to share speeches and ads for free.

This also served as a forum for users to attack other candidates by uploading videos of gaffes. This represents 73 percent of adult internet users.

The study also showed that 22 percent of adult internet users used social network sites or Twitter to get information about and discuss the elections and 26 percent of all adults used cell phones to learn about or participate in campaigns.

E-campaigning as it has come to be called, is subject to very little regulation. On March 26, , the Federal Election Commission voted unanimously to "not regulate political communication on the Internet, including emails, blogs and the creating of Web sites" [27] This decision made only paid political ads placed on websites subject to campaign finance limitations.

The presidential election process is controversial, with critics arguing that it is inherently undemocratic, and discourages voter participation and turnout in many areas of the country.

Because of the staggered nature of the primary season, voters in Iowa, New Hampshire and other small states which traditionally hold their primaries and caucuses first in January usually have a major impact on the races.

Campaign activity, media attention, and voter participation are usually higher in these states, as the candidates attempt to build momentum and generate a bandwagon effect in these early primaries.

Conversely, voters in California and other large states which traditionally hold their primaries last in June usually end up having no say in who the presidential candidates will be.

The races are usually over by then, and thus the campaigns, the media, and voters have little incentive to participate in these late primaries.

As a result, more states vie for earlier primaries to claim a greater influence in the process. Primary and caucus reform proposals include a National Primary held on a single day; or the Interregional Primary Plan , where states would be grouped into six regions, and each of the regions would rotate every election on who would hold their primaries first.

With the primary races usually over before June, the political conventions have mostly become scripted, ceremonial affairs. As the drama has left the conventions, and complaints grown that they were scripted and dull pep rallies, public interest and viewership has fallen off.

After having offered gavel-to-gavel coverage of the major party conventions in the midth century, the Big Three television networks now only devote approximately three hours of coverage one hour per night.

Critics also argue that the Electoral College is archaic and inherently undemocratic. With all states, except Maine and Nebraska, using a winner-take-all system, both the Democratic and the Republican candidates are almost certain to win all the electoral votes from those states whose residents predominantly vote for the Democratic Party or the Republican Party, respectively.

This encourages presidential candidates to focus exponentially more time, money, and energy campaigning in a few so-called " swing states ", states in which no single candidate or party has overwhelming support.

Such swing states like Ohio are inundated with campaign visits, saturation television advertising, get-out-the-vote efforts by party organizers, and debates.

Meanwhile, candidates and political parties have no incentive to mount nationwide campaign efforts, or work to increase voter turnout, in predominately Democratic Party "safe states" like California or predominately Republican Party "safe states" like Texas.

In theory, it is possible to secure the necessary electoral votes from only the eleven most populous states and then ignore the rest of the country.

In , Representative Samuel F. Vinton of Ohio proposed an amendment to the constitution that would replace the electoral college system with a lot system.

The Joint Resolution called for each state to elect, by a simple majority, a presidential candidate of said state. Each state would notify Congress of the presidential election results.

In a joint session of Congress, a ball would be drawn, and the elected candidate of the state of which is written on the drawn ball would be named President.

The resolution did not pass the House. Representative Vinton proposed an identical amendment in Again, it was unsuccessful. The driving force behind the introduction of the resolution is unclear, as there is no recorded debate for either proposal.

Other constitutional amendments, such as the Every Vote Counts Amendment , have been proposed seeking to replace the Electoral College with a direct popular vote, which proponents argue would increase turnout and participation.

Other proposed reforms include the National Popular Vote Interstate Compact , an interstate compact without Congressional authorization, whereby individual participating states agree to allocate their electors based on the winner of the national popular vote, instead of voting their respective statewide results.

Another proposal is for every state to simply adopt the District system used by Maine and Nebraska: The Automatic Plan would replace the Electors with an automatic tallying of votes to eliminate the faithless elector affecting the outcome of the election.

The Proportional Plan, often compared to the District Plan, would distribute electoral votes in each state in proportion to the popular vote, introducing third party effects in election outcomes.

The House Plan would require a constitutional amendment to allocate electors based on the House apportionment alone to lessen small state advantage.

Direct election plans and bonus plans have in common a higher valuation on the popular vote for president. This is a table of electoral college results.

Voter turnout in the and elections showed a noticeable increase over the turnout in and Prior to , voter turnout in presidential elections had been decreasing while voter registration, measured in terms of voting age population VAP by the U.

Census, has been increasing. The VAP figure, however, includes persons ineligible to vote — mainly non-citizens and ineligible felons — and excludes overseas eligible voters.

Opinion is mixed on whether this decline was due to voter apathy. Voter turnout from the and election was "not statistically different," based on the voting age population used by a November U.

Census survey of 50, households. Prior to , many presidential candidates disclosed assets, stock holdings, and other information which might affect the public trust.

Romney went a step further and released his tax returns for the previous twelve years. Thorndike and established of the nonprofit Tax Analysts group [44] — has compiled the publicly released tax returns of presidents and presidential candidates including primary candidates.

In , Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump broke with tradition, becoming the only major-party candidate since Gerald Ford in to not make any of his full tax returns public.

Nixon released his tax returns while being audited. Presidential elections are held on the same date as those for all the seats in the United States House of Representatives , the full terms for 33 or 34 of the seats in the United States Senate , the governorships in several U.

Voter turnout is also generally higher during presidential election years than either midterm election years [50] or odd-numbered election years.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the most recent election, see United States presidential election, For the upcoming election, see United States presidential election, List of presidents of the United States.

Constitution of the United States Law Taxation. Presidential elections Midterm elections Off-year elections.

Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Green. All other candidates together. United States presidential primary and United States presidential nominating convention.

Electoral College United States. Social media in the United States presidential election, Criticisms of the Electoral College , Criticisms of U.

States won by Republican Mitt Romney by 0—4 percentage points. States won by Democrat Barack Obama by 0—4 percentage points.

States won by Democrat Barack Obama by 4—8 percentage points. For a more comprehensive list, see List of United States presidential elections by Electoral College margin and List of United States presidential elections by popular vote margin.

Voter turnout in the United States presidential elections. The Resident Commissioner of Puerto Rico instead serves a four-year term that coincides with the presidential term.

The other 48 state governors and all five territorial governors serve four-year terms. Constitution, and New York failed to appoint their allotment of electors in time because of a deadlock in their state legislature.

The candidate who received a majority of electoral votes became President, and the runner-up became Vice President. Three cast their vice presidential vote for Madison, and three for Monroe.

This did not prevent endorsements from state Federalist parties such as in Pennsylvania , but he received the endorsement from the New York state Democratic-Republicans as well.

In total, King received 34 electoral votes. In total, Monroe received electoral votes. In the House, 13 state delegations voted for Adams, 7 for Jackson, and 4 for Crawford.

In total, Jackson received electoral votes. As a result, the election went to the Senate, which elected Johnson by a vote of 33— Had they been counted, Lincoln would have received electoral votes.

Therefore, the possible tickets are listed with the minimum and maximum possible number of electoral votes each. Turner , a faithless elector from Alabama , voted for Jones and Talmadge instead of Stevenson and Kefauver.

Irwin , a faithless elector from Oklahoma , cast his vote for Byrd and Goldwater instead of Nixon and Lodge. He voted for Dole, however, as pledged.

The Western Political Quarterly. Retrieved November 8, DelReal April 3, Retrieved April 12, A History of the United States , Vol.

Puckett, Presidential Elections, — Retrieved 9 November Retrieved September 8, Retrieved 31 October Retrieved August 12, A case Study from the Elections".

Western Journal of Communication. The Internet and Campaign Archived from the original on January 9,

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