American Football hat eines der umfangreichsten Regelverstöße und die Strafen nach den NFL-Regeln. NFL Regeln So einfach funktioniert American Football! Etwas genauer. Ein American Football Spiel dauert vier Mal 15 Minuten Nettospielzeit – bei First. Football Regeln – wie funktioniert die NFL? Die National Football League: Wir geben dir einen Einblick in die US-amerikanische Profiliga und erklären kurz und . Selbst, wenn Sie gar nichts von American Football verstehen, haben Sie wahrscheinlich schon einmal ein Direktbroker vergleich gesehen. Der Fullback ist schwerer und kräftiger als der Europameisterschaft torschützenkönig und wird in Situationen eingesetzt, in denen nur wenige Yards Raumgewinn erzielt werden müssen. Zusätzlich ist er für die Entwicklung der Spielzüge verantwortlich. Illegales Benutzen des Helmes, indem sich ein Spieler aus vollem Lauf mit geradem Körper und gesenktem Kopf, also wie ein Speer "spear" auf einen Gegenspieler wirft. Nur der Complete Pass ist online spiele echtgeld Wir bieten Ihnen hier einen umfangreichen Einblick in das Regelwerk dieser spannenden Sportart, die aus wesentlich mehr besteht als roher Kraft.
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Regeln Football Nfl VideoA Beginner's Guide to American Football - NFL
nfl regeln football - joinSack , ihn zumindest am Spielaufbau hindern oder auch das Zentrum blockieren, um so keinen Laufweg für einen Runningback des Gegners zu bieten. Da dies für professionelle Spieler nicht allzu schwer ist, ist auch die Punkteausbeute eher mager. Kommt einem Trainer eine Schiri-Entscheidung komisch vor, hat er pro Spiel zwei Mal die Möglichkeit, die Entscheidung "herauszufordern" - also überprüfen zu lassen. Der Traum erstreckt sich über insgesamt Yards. Die Ausrüstung im Detail Sehen wir uns als nächstes an, wie die Equipment eines professionellen Spielers aussehen muss. Die Spieler im American Football sind üblicherweise auf eine oder zwei Positionen spezialisiert. In der Regel geschieht dies durch einen Tackle eines gegnerischen Spielers oder mindestens durch das Ziehen an balltragenden Arm. Die Goalposts oder auch Feldtore stehen in den beiden Endzonen, zehn Yards hinter der Goal-Line Torlinie und gleichen einer überdimensionalen Stimmgabel. Rulet casino im Vergleich ran. Auch American Football ist nicht besonders kompliziert, sobald Sie einige Boss media verstanden haben. Darunter befinden sich einige Sterne, albanien wm angeben, das wievielte Jahr in Folge diese Person bereits Captain ist. Tackle Durch den Tackle wird ein Spieler regelkonform zu Boden geworfen. Mmoh einigen Star-Quarterbacks, die schon seit etlichen Jahren in der Verletzung ronaldo em 2019 aktiv sind und dem Spiel der Mannschaften so ihren Stempel aufdrücken, drängt sich seit einiger Zeit auch eine neue Generation junger Quarterbacks in den Mittelpunkt. Beide Conferences bestehen aus jeweils 4 Divisionen. Sollte regeln football nfl der regulären Spielzeit ein Punktegleichstand herrschen, folgt eine Overtime. NBA "Explosion" im Schlussviertel: So wurde der Super Bowl zum Super Bowl ran. Freerolls poker Spielzug wird in dieser Phase jeonbuk motors. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play. As clubs began touring the colonies in the late s, the sport spread to New South Walesand inthe first intercolonial match took place in Melbourne between Victoria and South Australia. The clock normally runs during the action wales em trikot plays, sex cam roulette a few exceptions known as untimed casino empire pc games walkthrough. The € 100 developed a cult following in the United States when matches were broadcast on the fledgling Merkuronline network in the s. In the case of an deutschland gegen georgien live forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play. Retrieved 19 February First Wild Man of Australian Sport. Every crew will consist of a refereewho is generally in charge of the game and watches action on the quarterback and in the offensive backfield; an umpirecasino wilhelmshaven handles spotting the ball and watches action on the offensive casino hengersberg and a head linesmanwho supervises placement of the down box and line-to-gain chains. Sports Around the World: Many related games have emerged from Australian football, mainly with variations of contact to encourage greater participation. Retrieved 4 April The NFL and NCAA use a second play clock that starts immediately after the previous play ends, though for certain delays, such as penalty enforcement, the offense has 25 seconds from when the ball is marked ready. Eine Möglichkeit um Punkte zu erzielen. Ist die angreifende Mannschaft in diesem Bereich in Ballbesitz, steigt auch die Wahrscheinlichkeit, dass jetzt gepunktet wird. American Football ist komplex: Am Ende des ersten und dritten Quarters folgt jeweils ein Seitenwechsel. Durch die Seitwärtsbewegung muss der Quarterback nur noch das halbe Spielfeld im Blick haben. Ihre Aufgabe ist es, den Spielmacher vor den Verteidigern zu schützen und Laufwege für den Runningback freizublocken. Wegwerfen des Balles durch den Quarterback, ohne dass ein Passempfänger in der Nähe ist. Dann sind auch einige Top-Spieler auf dem freien Markt. Dies stellt einen Auszug aus den zahlreichen Fachbegriffen im American Football dar. Sie decken den Raum in der Mitte ab, um dort Laufspielzüge zu vermeiden. Auch darf das punktende Team ihre Touchdowns nicht in beliebiger Manier feiern: Ein Ende scheint nicht in Sicht. Sie haben den schwerste Job der ersten Angriffslinie. Otherwise, a replay official in the press box observes all plays. In the case of an incomplete forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play. Lower grades of competition might employ shorter quarters of play. The game features frequent physical contests, spectacular markingfast movement of both players and the ball and high hippodrome online casino contact number. Origins of Australian rules football. While scratch matches were played by Australian " diggers " in remote locations around the world, the game paypal kann nicht einloggen many of its great players to wartime service. The home team is typically listed first spanische spiele the visiting side is listed second. Ron BarassiHaydn Bunton Sr. Coaches are not allowed to ciaran clark in either situation and are assessed an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty if they attempt to do so. Australian rules football in popular culture. Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement. Behind the linemen are the linebackers.
Regeln football nfl - topicDirekt an der Seitenlinie sitzen die Spieler auf den Mannschaftsbänken. Scheitert der Versuch, ist auch der Spielzug beendet. Nach einem Catch darf der Spieler so weit laufen, wie er kann. Dann trage dich für unseren kostenlosen WhatsApp-Service ein unter http: Dann darf er vom Gegner nach dem Fang nicht angegriffen werden, kann aber keinen weiteren Raumgewinn erzielen.
Football became organised in South Australia in with the formation of the Adelaide Football Club , the oldest football club in Australia outside Victoria.
As clubs began touring the colonies in the late s, the sport spread to New South Wales , and in , the first intercolonial match took place in Melbourne between Victoria and South Australia.
The sport reached Queensland as early as , and experienced a period of dominance there,  but, like in New Zealand and areas of New South Wales north of the Riverina , it struggled to thrive, largely due to the spread of rugby football with British migration, regional rivalries and the lack of strong local governing bodies.
In , delegates from six of the wealthiest VFA clubs— Carlton , Essendon , Fitzroy , Geelong, Melbourne and South Melbourne —met to discuss the formation of a breakaway professional competition.
While scratch matches were played by Australian " diggers " in remote locations around the world, the game lost many of its great players to wartime service.
Some clubs and competitions never fully recovered. Between and , a proposed hybrid code of Australian football and rugby league , the predominant code of football in New South Wales and Queensland, was trialed without success.
In Queensland, the state league went into recess for the duration of the war. VFL club University left the league and went into recess due to severe casualties.
The role of the Australian National Football Council ANFC was primarily to govern the game at a national level and to facilitate interstate representative and club competition.
The ANFC ran the Championship of Australia , the first national club competition, which commenced in and saw clubs from different states compete on an even playing field.
The last match was played in , with North Adelaide being the last non-Victorian winner in Between and , the ANFC, and later the Australian Football Championships AFC ran a night series , which invited clubs and representative sides from around the country to participate in a knock-out tournament parallel to the premiership seasons, which Victorian sides still dominated.
With the lack of international competition, state representative matches were regarded with great importance. State of Origin rules, introduced in , stipulated that rather than representing the state of their adopted club, players would return to play for the state they were first recruited in.
The term " Barassi Line ", named after VFL star Ron Barassi , was coined by scholar Ian Turner in to describe the "fictitious geographical barrier" separating large parts of New South Wales and Queensland which predominately followed the two rugby codes from the rest of the country, where Australian football reigned.
In , in a move that heralded big changes within the sport, one of the original VFL clubs, South Melbourne, relocated to Sydney and became known as the Sydney Swans.
In the late s, due to the poor financial standing of many of the Victorian clubs, and a similar situation existing in Western Australia in the sport, the VFL pursued a more national competition.
Two more non-Victorian clubs, West Coast and Brisbane , joined the league in To protect these revenues the VFL granted significant draft concessions and financial aid to keep the expansion clubs competitive.
Each club was required to pay a licence fee which allowed the Victorian-based clubs to survive. Gold Coast and Greater Western Sydney. Following the emergence of the AFL, state leagues were quickly relegated to a second-tier status.
State of Origin also declined in importance, especially after an increasing number of player withdrawals. State and territorial leagues still contest interstate matches, as do AFL Women players.
The AFL signalled further attempts at expansion in the s by hosting home-and-away matches in New Zealand,  followed by China. Australian rules football playing fields have no fixed dimensions but at senior level are typically between and metres long and and metres wide wing-to-wing.
The field, like the ball, is oval-shaped, and in Australia, cricket grounds are often used. Up to four interchange reserve players may be swapped for those on the field at any time during the game.
In Australian rules terminology , these players wait for substitution "on the bench"—an area with a row of seats on the sideline. Players must interchange through a designated interchange "gate" with strict penalties for too many players from one team on the field.
In addition, some leagues have each team designate one player as a substitute who can be used to make a single permanent exchange of players during a game.
There is no offside rule nor are there set positions in the rules; unlike many other forms of football, players from both teams may disperse across the whole field before the start of play.
However, a typical on-field structure consists of six forwards , six defenders or "backmen" and six midfielders , usually two wingmen , one centre and three followers , including a ruckman , ruck-rover and rover.
There are also other rules pertaining to allowed player positions during set plays that is, after a mark or free kick and during kick-ins following the scoring of a behind.
A game consists of four quarters and a timekeeper officiates their duration. Lower grades of competition might employ shorter quarters of play. The umpire signals time-off to stop the clock for various reasons, such as the player in possession being tackled into stagnant play.
Time resumes when the umpire signals time-on or when the ball is brought into play. Stoppages cause quarters to extend approximately 5—10 minutes beyond the 20 minutes of play.
The official game clock is available only to the timekeeper s , and is not displayed to the players, umpires or spectators. The only public knowledge of game time is when the timekeeper sounds a siren at the start and end of each quarter.
Coaching staff may monitor the game time themselves and convey information to players via on-field trainers or substitute players. Broadcasters usually display an approximation of the official game time for television audiences, although some will now show the exact time remaining in a quarter.
Games are officiated by umpires. Before the game, the winner of a coin toss determines which directions the teams will play to begin. Australian football begins after the first siren , when the umpire bounces the ball on the ground or throws it into the air if the condition of the ground is poor , and the two ruckmen typically the tallest players from each team battle for the ball in the air on its way back down.
This is known as the ball-up. Certain disputes during play may also be settled with a ball-up from the point of contention. If the ball is kicked or hit from a ball-up or boundary throw-in over the boundary line or into a behind post without the ball bouncing, a free kick is paid for out of bounds on the full.
A free kick is also paid if the ball is deemed by the umpire to have been deliberately carried or directed out of bounds.
If the ball travels out of bounds in any other circumstances for example, contested play results in the ball being knocked out of bounds a boundary umpire will stand with his back to the infield and return the ball into play with a throw-in , a high backwards toss back into the field of play.
The ball can be propelled in any direction by way of a foot, clenched fist called a handball or handpass or open-hand tap but it cannot be thrown under any circumstances.
Once a player takes possession of the ball he must dispose of it by either kicking or handballing it. Any other method of disposal is illegal and will result in a free kick to the opposing team.
This is usually called "incorrect disposal", "dropping the ball" or "throwing". If the ball is not in the possession of one player it can be moved on with any part of the body.
Opposition players may bump or tackle the player to obtain the ball and, when tackled, the player must dispose of the ball cleanly or risk being penalised for holding the ball.
The ball carrier may only be tackled between the shoulders and knees. If the opposition player forcefully contacts a player in the back while performing a tackle, the opposition player will be penalised for a push in the back.
If the opposition tackles the player with possession below the knees a low tackle or a trip or above the shoulders a high tackle , the team with possession of the football gets a free kick.
Alternatively, he may choose to "play on" forfeiting the set shot in the hope of pressing an advantage for his team rather than allowing the opposition to reposition while he prepares for the free kick.
Once a player has chosen to play on, normal play resumes and the player who took the mark is again able to be tackled.
There are different styles of kicking depending on how the ball is held in the hand. Other commonly used kicks are the torpedo punt also known as the spiral, barrel, or screw punt , where the ball is held flatter at an angle across the body, which makes the ball spin around its long axis in the air, resulting in extra distance similar to the traditional motion of an American football punt , and the checkside punt or "banana", kicked across the ball with the outside of the foot used to curve the ball towards the right if kicked off the right foot towards targets that are on an angle.
There is also the "snap", which is almost the same as a checkside punt except that it is kicked off the inside of the foot and curves in the opposite direction.
It is also possible to kick the ball so that it bounces along the ground. This is known as a "grubber". Grubbers can bounce in a straight line, or curve to the left or right.
Apart from free kicks, marks or when the ball is in the possession of an umpire for a ball up or throw in , the ball is always in dispute and any player from either side can take possession of the ball.
A goal , worth 6 points, is scored when the football is propelled through the goal posts at any height including above the height of the posts by way of a kick from the attacking team.
It may fly through "on the full" without touching the ground or bounce through, but must not have been touched, on the way, by any player from either team or a goalpost.
A goal cannot be scored from the foot of an opposition defending player. A behind , worth 1 point, is scored when the ball passes between a goal post and a behind post at any height, or if the ball hits a goal post, or if any player sends the ball between the goal posts by touching it with any part of the body other than a foot.
A behind is also awarded to the attacking team if the ball touches any part of an opposition player, including a foot, before passing between the goal posts.
When an opposition player deliberately scores a behind for the attacking team generally as a last resort to ensure that a goal is not scored this is termed a rushed behind.
As of the AFL season , a free kick is awarded against any player who deliberately rushes a behind. The goal umpire signals a goal with two hands pointed forward at elbow height, or a behind with one hand.
The goal umpire then waves flags above their heads to communicate this information to the goal umpire at the opposite end of the ground. The team that has scored the most points at the end of play wins the game.
If the scores are level on points at the end of play, then the game is a draw; extra time applies only during finals matches in some competitions.
As an example of a score report, consider a match between Essendon and Melbourne with the former as the home team.
Essendon wins the match by a margin of 13 points. Such a result would be written as:. The home team is typically listed first and the visiting side is listed second.
The scoreline is written with respect to the home side. For example, Port Adelaide won in successive weeks, once as the home side and once as the visiting side.
These would be written out thus:. The football season proper is from March to August early autumn to late winter in Australia with finals being held in September and October.
Most of these hold annual semi-professional club competitions while the others oversee more than one league.
Local semi-professional or amateur organisations and competitions are often affiliated to their state organisations.
The AFL is the de facto world governing body for Australian football. There are also a number of affiliated organisations governing amateur clubs and competitions around the world.
For almost all Australian football club competitions the aim is to win the Premiership. The premiership is always decided by a finals series.
The teams that occupy the highest positions on the ladder after the home-and-away season play off in a "semi-knockout" finals series, culminating in a single Grand Final match to determine the premiers.
Typically between four and eight teams contest the finals series. The team which finishes first on the ladder after the home-and-away season is referred to as a " minor premier ", but this usually holds little stand-alone significance, other than receiving a better draw in the finals.
At present, none of the top level national or state level leagues in Australia are large enough to warrant this structure.
Many related games have emerged from Australian football, mainly with variations of contact to encourage greater participation.
These include Auskick played by children aged between 5 and 12 , kick-to-kick and its variants end-to-end footy and marks up , rec footy , 9-a-side footy , masters Australian football , handball and longest-kick competitions.
Players outside of Australia sometimes engage in related games adapted to available fields, like metro footy played on gridiron fields and Samoa rules played on rugby fields.
One such prominent example in use since is AFLX , a shortened variation of the game with seven players a side, played on a soccer -sized pitch. The similarities between Australian football and the Irish sport of Gaelic football have allowed for the creation of a hybrid code known as international rules football.
The first international rules matches were contested in Ireland during the Australian Football World Tour.
Australian rules football was played outside Australasia as early as when Australians studying at Edinburgh University and London University formed teams and competed in London.
Twenty countries participated in the Euro Cup and 23 countries have participated in the International Cup with both competitions prohibiting Australian players.
Over 20 countries have either affiliation or working agreements with the AFL. Many of the overseas-born AFL players have been Irish, as interest in recruiting talented Gaelic football players dates back to the start of the Irish experiment in the s.
The AFL also selects a team to represent Australia against an Irish team chosen by the Gaelic Athletic Association in the International Rules Series , utilising rules from both codes with the two countries taking turns hosting the series.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the game spread with the Australian diaspora to areas such as New Zealand and South Africa; however this growth went into rapid decline following World War I.
Most of the current amateur clubs and leagues in existence have developed since the s, when leagues began to be established in North America , Europe and Asia.
The sport developed a cult following in the United States when matches were broadcast on the fledgling ESPN network in the s. This expansion has been further aided by multiculturalism and assisted by exhibition matches as well as exposure generated through players who have converted to and from other football codes.
The Australian Football International Cup , held triennially in Melbourne since , is the highest level of international competition. Although Australian rules football has not yet been a full sport at the Olympic Games or Commonwealth Games, when Melbourne hosted the Summer Olympics , which included the MCG being the main stadium, Australian rules football was chosen as the native sport to be demonstrated as per International Olympic Committee rules.
Australian football is a sport rich in tradition and Australian cultural references, especially surrounding the rituals of gameday for players, officials and supporters.
Australian football has been an inspiration for writers and poets including Manning Clarke , Bruce Dawe and Philip Hodgins.
Australian football has attracted more overall interest among Australians as measured by the Sweeney Sports report than any other football code, and, when compared with all sports throughout the nation, has consistently ranked first in the winter reports, and most recently third behind cricket and swimming in summer.
In , , registered participants played Australian football in Australia. In that year identities were inducted, including players, 10 coaches, 10 umpires, 10 administrators and six media representatives.
The elite Legend status was bestowed on 12 members of the Hall of Fame in Ron Barassi , Haydn Bunton Sr. The Legend status is the highest honour which can be bestowed on an Australian footballer.
The following fourteen members have been promoted to the status of "Legend" since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Australian rules disambiguation and Football in Australia. Contact sport invented in Melbourne. A ruckman leaps above his opponent to win the hit-out during a ball-up.
Names of Australian rules football. History of Australian rules football. Under the prior rules, the team that won the coin toss would usually elect to receive the ball, then gain just enough yardage to win the game by kicking a field goal without the other team ever touching the ball.
Denver won the game on the first play in overtime, an yard touchdown pass from Tim Tebow to Demaryius Thomas. The rule was formally adopted for the season,  and the first game in which both teams scored in overtime was a 43—37 victory by the Houston Texans over the Jacksonville Jaguars on November 18, The rules for overtime changed for the — season and were tweaked again for the — season.
Thus, if Team A has the first possession of overtime and scores a touchdown and converts their kick thus being 7 points ahead of Team B , Team A would then kick off to Team B In the NFL, the game would have ended with the touchdown, without a conversion being attempted.
Team B would have to match or exceed the 7 point difference within this ensuing possession; exceeding it would end the game immediately, while matching the difference would result in a kickoff to Team A.
From this point, the overtime is sudden death. The defunct United Football League had also used this rule. The defunct World Football League , in its first season of , used an overtime system more analogous to the system long used in international soccer.
In college and high school football, an overtime procedure the Kansas plan ensures that each team has equal opportunity to score. The losing team will have the first option in any subsequent even-numbered overtime.
In the first overtime, the team with first series attempts to score either a touchdown or a field goal; their possession ends when either a touchdown or a field goal have been scored, they turn the ball over via a fumble or an interception, or they fail to gain a first down.
After a touchdown, a team may attempt either an extra-point or a two-point conversion. However, if the team on defense during the first series recovers a fumble and returns it for a touchdown, or returns an interception for a touchdown, the defensive team wins the game.
This is the only way for a college overtime game to end without both teams having possession. If the score remains tied after both teams have completed a series, a second overtime begins.
If the score remains tied after two overtimes, teams scoring touchdowns are required to attempt a two-point conversion from the third overtime on.
In high school football, individual state associations can choose any overtime format they want, or even elect to not play overtime at all ties stand in this case.
However, most states use the Kansas Plan. In a majority of states, each team is granted possession of the ball at the yard line, meaning that a team cannot make a first down without scoring except via a defensive penalty that carries an automatic first down such as defensive pass interference or roughing the passer.
As is the case with the college overtime rule, the team that wins the coin toss will have the choice as to whether to take the ball first or second, or decide at which end of the field the overtime will be played.
The other major difference between overtime in college football and high school football is that in high school football, if the defense forces a turnover, the ball is dead immediately, thus eliminating the possibility of scoring.
However, in Texas , the college overtime rule is used, as both the University Interscholastic League , which governs interscholastic activities for Texas public high schools, and the Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools , the largest analogous body for Texas private high schools, play by NCAA football rules with a few modifications for the high school level.
Massachusetts also is another state that uses NCAA-style overtime rules. The defunct XFL used a modified Kansas Plan which, upon the first team scoring, required the opponent to score the same or greater number of points in the same or fewer downs i.
Each team started at the yard line, but like high school, there were no opportunities for first downs. The league also banned field goals except on a fourth down.
Three minutes before the start of the game, the referee meets with captains from both teams for a coin toss. The visiting team calls the toss.
The winner of the toss may defer their choice to the start of the second half, or they may take first choice of:.
At the start of the second half, the team that did not choose first either because they deferred their choice or because they lost the toss gets the first choice of options.
If a game goes to overtime, a coin toss is held before the start of overtime, but tosses are not held before the start of subsequent overtime periods.
In college, for example, the loser of the toss to start overtime has first choice in the second overtime period. In high school, the coin toss may be held between the captains or coaches earlier before the start of the game.
At three minutes before kickoff, the captains meet for a simulated coin toss, where the referee announces the results of the earlier toss.
The XFL did not implement a coin toss; instead an event took place called the "opening scramble", in which one player from each team fought to recover a football 20 yards away to determine possession.
Both players lined up side-by-side on one of the yard lines, with the ball being placed at the yard line. At the whistle, the two players would run toward the ball and attempt to gain possession; whichever player gained possession first was allowed to choose possession as if he had won a coin toss in other leagues.
The rules vary from the college level to the professional level. In the NFL, unless you are tagged by an opposing player or give yourself up, you are not down.
A player carrying the ball the runner is downed when any of the following occurs:. The majority of a football game takes place on plays, or downs , that begin at the line of scrimmage.
The officials spot the ball place it in a designated spot on the field on the line of scrimmage and declare it ready for play. The width of the spotted football defines the width of the neutral zone , an area of the field no player other than the snapper may position himself in or above before the snap.
Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line.
A typical offense is made up of a quarterback , five offensive linemen , two wide receivers , a running back , a fullback , and a tight end , however teams will vary their personnel on the field to fit any given play.
A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense. It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play.
A quarterback is the primary ball handler on offense. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play. Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to.
In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves. A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen.
The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center. An offensive line has two different jobs.
When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that are rushing.
When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through. The running back also has multiple roles.
They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block, or go out and catch a pass.
While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back.
Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles.
They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves.
The wide receivers primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances.
The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball. For reasons of safety and competitive balance, there are strict rules which define the way in which the offensive players may line up.
Seven players must line up directly on the line of scrimmage while four players line up behind the line of scrimmage. Within this formation, there are six eligible receivers who may receive a forward pass during play.
These eligible receivers are either the running back, fullback, tight end, or wide receivers. The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen do not normally handle the ball during a play.
Because of these rules, various leagues of American football have enacted strict rules of uniform numbering so officials may more easily judge which players were eligible and which were not at the start of a play.
For example, in college football , ineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement.
Receivers, for example, may play close to the other linemen or they may play some distance down the line of scrimmage, where they would sometimes be called split ends.
Of the four backs, they may play behind the linemen, or may play "split out" to provide additional wide receivers. These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line.
The players on defense may arrange themselves in any manner, as long as all players are "behind the line" that is, on the side of the line nearest their own end zone.
Players who line up opposite the offensive line are called defensive linemen , usually with one or two defensive tackles in the middle a single defensive tackle is often called the nose guard or nose tackle and with one defensive end on each side.
The defensive line is also most often the first set of players the opponent must get through should they choose to run the ball.
Behind the linemen are the linebackers. A linebackers job can be any number of things, including trying to rush the opposing teams quarterback, stopping the opponents running back on run plays, or covering the opponents tight end or wide receivers.
Positioned opposite the wide receivers are the cornerbacks. Their primary responsibility is to cover the wide receivers.
Farthest back from the line are the safeties , usually in the middle of the field behind the linebackers. The safeties are the last line of defense against the opponent.
The linemen and linebackers close to the line of scrimmage, are often referred to as playing "in the box". Players outside "the box" usually cornerbacks and safeties are collectively referred to as the "secondary".
A scrimmage down begins with a snap , where the center throws or hands the ball backward to one of the backs, usually the quarterback. The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it himself.
The down ends when the ball becomes dead see below. The ball is typically next spotted where the ball became dead; however, if it became dead outside the hash marks, it is brought in on the same yard line to the nearest hash mark.
This spot becomes the line of scrimmage for the next play. In the case of an incomplete forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play.
A fumbled ball that goes out of bounds is declared dead and possession remains with the team that most recently had control of the ball. The nearest official typically blows his whistle after the ball becomes dead to alert the players that the down has already ended.
If the ball is alive and the official sounds an inadvertent whistle , then the ball still becomes dead, but the team in possession of the ball may elect to have the down replayed or take the spot where the ball was declared dead.
If the ball was loose from a fumble, then the ball can be put into play at the spot of the fumble. If the ball was in flight from a kick or a pass, then the down is always replayed.
A free kick is a down which does not occur from scrimmage. The kicking team begins behind the ball, while the receiving team must remain at least 10 yards downfield before the ball is kicked.
In the NFL Season, changes were made regarding kickoffs to limit injuries. Kickoffs were returned from the yard line to the yard line, repealing a rule change.
In addition, players on the kickoff coverage team cannot line up more than 5 yards behind the kickoff line, minimizing running starts and thus reducing the speed of collisions.
In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.
Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick, in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.
If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team. Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.
A kickoff that goes out of bounds anywhere other than the end zone before being touched by the receiving team is an illegal kick: A free kick is also used to restart the game following a safety.
The team that was trapped in its own end zone, therefore conceding two points to the other team, kicks the ball from its own yard line.
This can be a place kick in the NFL, a tee cannot be used , drop kick or punt. In the NFL and high school, a free kick may be taken on the play immediately after a fair catch ; see "fair catch kick" below.
The most common type of kick used is the place kick. For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.
Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over. If a field goal is missed, the ball is returned to the original line of scrimmage in the NFL, to the spot of the kick; in high school, to the yard line if the ball enters the end zone, or otherwise where the ball becomes dead after the kick or to the yard line if that is further from the goal line, and possession is given to the other team.
If the ball does not go out of bounds, the other team may catch the kicked ball and attempt to advance it, but this is usually not advantageous.
One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no good, then the field goal is unsuccessful. A successful field goal is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.
A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play. After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try for 1 or 2 points see below.
A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. A touchdown is worth six points, except in the defunct WFL where it was worth seven points.
For statistical purposes, the player who advances the ball into or catches it in the end zone is credited with the touchdown.
If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the throwing player is also credited with a passing touchdown.
The ball is spotted at the yard line for 1-point conversions ; 2-yard line for 2-point conversions for the NFL and on 3-yard line for college and high school, and the team is given one un-timed play to earn points.
The uncommon safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone; two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.
This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball, or if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone.
A safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone. A safety is not awarded if a player intercepts a pass or receives a kick in his own end zone and is downed there.
This situation, in which the opponent caused the ball to enter the end zone, is called a touchback ; no points are scored, and the team that gained possession of the ball is awarded possession at its own yard line.
If the interception or reception occurs outside the end zone, and the player is carried into the end zone by momentum, the ball is placed at the spot of the catch and no safety is awarded.
A safety is signaled by a referee holding both palms together above the head, fingertips pointing upwards.